In order to ensure gender equality programming, sector actors need to remember crucial concerns and we have just the tool for that. This food security gender checklist serves as a starting point for project personnel to construct context-specific indicators to track progress in integrating gender concerns into humanitarian action.
Analysis of gender differences
- A participatory needs assessment is conducted with an equal number of women and men to gather information on:
- Short- and long-term losses of women’s and men’s livelihood assets (e.g., a single season’s harvest or permanent land loss).
- Shifts in men’s and women’s access to and control of land and other vital productive resources.
- Female- and male-headed families’ literacy and employment rates.
- Women’s and men’s coping mechanisms in crises.
- Female and male malnutrition rates in terms of stunting, wasting, and being underweight.
- Deficiencies in micronutrients.
- Data is analyzed and used in programming to ensure that activities directly and indirectly benefit women, girls, boys, and men.
Access and control
- Access to services and control over productive resources for women, girls, boys, and men is routinely checked through spot inspections, community talks, and other means.
- Barriers to equitable access are quickly dealt with.
- Women and men are consulted and included in food security actions in a systematic manner.
- Women and men participate equally and meaningfully in livelihood asset decision-making and management.
- On registration and distribution committees, women and men engage equally and meaningfully.
- Based on a needs assessment, training and skill development are made available to a balanced number of women, men, and teenage girls and boys.
- Training and skill development events are scheduled at times and locations that are convenient for both men and women.
- Training and information materials are created depending on different socioeconomic groups’ educational levels and knowledge.
Actions to address GBV
- An equal number of female and male humanitarian workers receive training on GBV-related concerns and potential risk factors, enabling them to provide support to victims and refer them to appropriate information and counselling centers.
- Programs are in place to ensure that women and girls have income-generating activities and economic options so that they are not forced to engage in unsafe sex in exchange for money, housing, food, or education — or are exposed to GBV in other ways because they are economically dependent on others.
- Women and men in the community, including village leaders and men’s groups, are educated on domestic abuse against women and girls.
Targeted actions based on gender analysis
- Women’s and children’s rights (such as the right to eat) are promoted through public awareness campaigns.
- Vulnerable groups are taught about their property rights (such as land) in order to strengthen their bargaining position and reduce abusive interactions.
- As part of their empowerment process, social mobilization is aided in raising awareness of the most vulnerable groups’ key (practical and strategic) requirements.
- In order to maintain food security for the most vulnerable communities, gender imbalances are addressed in basic and productive infrastructures.
Monitoring and evaluation based on sex- and age-disaggregated data
- Women and men’s perspectives on positive and negative changes in their life as a result of food security interventions are recorded, and the implications are addressed in programming.
- Assessments of particular changes in the livelihood systems of beneficiary female-, male-, and child-headed families are carried out.
- A study is conducted to determine how women’s and men’s needs could have been better fulfilled, which will shape future programming.
Coordinate actions with all partners
- Actors in your sector collaborate with actors from other industries to address gender concerns.
- Based on the checklist, the sector/cluster has established and consistently measures project-specific indicators.
To get more insight on food security, enroll today for our Food Security & Nutrition in Emergencies course designed to help advance your career in the humanitarian field.